By Nischey Chopra, Project Manager
The EU MRV regulation require ship owners and operators to annually monitor, report and verify CO2 emissions for vessels larger than 5,000 Gross Tonnage (GT) when calling at any EU and EFTA (Norway and Iceland) port. Every ship above 5,000 GT that expects to visit an EU port from 2018 must prepare and submit a Monitoring Plan to an accredited verifier.
Data collection takes place on a per voyage basis and started on 1st January 2018. The reported CO2 emissions, together with additional data, are verified by independent certified bodies and sent to a central database managed by the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA). The aggregated ship emission and efficiency data will be published by the EC every consecutive year.
IMO-DCS – Data Collection Scheme
From 1st January 2019, vessels will need to have a documented plan in place to monitor CO2 emissions (SEEMP PART II). IMO DCS regulations require companies to update their existing Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan (SEEMP) to document the methodology chosen to collect the fuel consumption data and the processes that will be used to report the data to the ship’s Administration.
At the end of each calendar year, aggregated emissions data has to be reported by the company to the Recognized Organization for verification and subsequent transmission to a central database managed by the IMO. After the required emissions data has been submitted to, and verified by, the Administration or the Recognized Organization, a Statement of Compliance is issued.
Whilst the EU scheme has a focus on CO2 emissions from shipping activities to, from and within the EU area, the IMO scheme covers emissions from shipping globally. The below table provides an overview of the requirements from the two initiatives in terms of scope and reporting:
|Monitoring started on January 1, 2018||Monitoring started on January 1, 2019|
|Monitoring plans and emission reports using EC electronic templates||SEEMP amendments to include the data collection and reporting methodology|
|Reporting of additional information, such as cargo carried, emissions while at berth, total transport work and average energy efficiency t berth, total transport work and average energy efficiency||Reporting of fuel consumption, hours underway and distance traveled|
|Data verification by Verifiers accredited by the European national accreditation bodies||Data verification by the Administration or Recognized Organization ion|
|Data will be transferred and stored into the THETIS-MRV automated Union information system formation system||Data will be transferred and stored into an IMO database for further analysis in support of ongoing IMO decisions|
|By June 30th, each year, the EC shall make publicly available the information of ships’ CO2 emissions and other relevant information the information of ships’ CO2 emissions and other relevant information||Identification of a specific ship and Administration will not be possible. Parties shall have access to the anonymized data strictly for their analysis and consideration|